Sage-leaved rock-rose

Cistus salviifolius
Rock rose family (Cistaceae)


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Cistus salviifolius, common names sage-leaved rock-rose, salvia cistus or Gallipoli rose, is a perennial ligneous plant of the family Cistaceae.

Etymology

The genus name Cistus derives from the Ancient Greek words κίσθος (kisthos) meaning basket, while the species name salviifolius refers the wrinkled leaves similar to those of the sage.

Description

Cistus salviifolius has spreading stems covered by clumpy hairs. This bushy shrub reaches on average 30–60 centimetres (12–24 in) in height, with a maximum of 100 centimetres (39 in). The oval-shaped green leaves are 1 to 4 centimeters long, opposite, reticulate, tomentose on both sides, with a short petiole (2–4 mm).

The inflorescence holds one or more round flowers, long-stalked, arranged at the leaf axils. The five white petals have a yellow spot at the base, forming a corolla 4–6 cm in diameter. The stamens are also yellow and the anthers shed abundant yellow pollen. This plant is pollinated by insects entomophily, especially bees. The flowering period extends from April through May. The fruit is a pentagonal capsule, 5–7 mm long.

Phylogeny

Cistus salviifolius belongs to the white and whitish pink flowered clade of Cistus species.

Gallery

Cultivation

Cistus salviifolius cultivated in the nursery industry, and grown in gardens and public landscapes, often for its drought-tolerant and pollinator habitat attributes.

Distribution

This showy wildflower is native to the Mediterranean region, in southern Europe and parts of Western Asia and North Africa.

Habitat

This plant prefers dry hills, scrubs and open woodlands, at an altitude of 0–1,200 metres (0–3,937 ft) above sea level. It grows very quickly after a fire.

Synonyms

Other synonyms reported by The Plant List include:

  • Cistus apricus Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus arrigens Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus elegans Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus fruticans Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus humilis Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus microphyllus Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus platyphyllus Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus rhodanensis Timb.-Lagr.
  • Cistus sideritis C.Presl
  • Cistus velutinus Timb.-Lagr.

Chemistry

Cistus salviifolius contains flavan-3ols, oligomeric proanthocyanidins and prodelphinidins such as epigallocatechin-3-O-(4-hydroxybenzoate), epigallocatechin-(4β→8)-epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin -3-O-gallate-(4β→8)-epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin-(4β→6)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, 1-O-β-d -(6′-O-galloyl)-glucopyranosyl-3-methoxy-5-hydroxybenzene, epigallocatechin-(4β→8)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, 1-O-β-d- glucopyranosyl-3-methoxy-5-hydroxybenzene and rhododendrin (betuloside). It also contains ellagitannins of the punicalagin type.

References

External links

  • Jepson Manual Treatment - Cistus salviifolius

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Family(4)

WWW info


Continu searching
Leaf size Leaf shape Twig Bark Height Flower type Type
Leaf size  < 5 cm      Leaf shape  normal      Twig  alternate Bark  smooth Height  5-30 m Flower type  roset Type  Bushes
< 5 cm normal alternate smooth 5-30 m roset Bushes
0 LookAlikes (LA):
Sage-leaved rock-rose
Cistus salviifolius [L.]
Salbeiblättrige Zistrose
Ciste à feuilles de sauge
Cisto femmina
Jaguarzo morisco
Cistus salviifolius [L.]
Ладанник шалфеелистный
Cistus salviifolius [L.]